References

2019

Massari L et al. Biophysical stimulation of bone and cartilage: state of the art and future perspectives. Int Orthop. 2019 Mar;43(3):539-551.

2017

Borelli PP. Rehabilitation aspects in distal radial fractures: the role of biophysics stimulation and modular splint. Chirurgia della Mano. 2017;Vol.54(3):72-90.

2015

Tornese D et al. Fracture of the Ulna in an Elite Ice Dancer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2015;14:37-40.

2014

Borelli PP et al. Il trattamento con sistemi capacitivi di ultima generazione nelle fratture e pseudoartrosi di scafoide carpale. Rivista di Chirurgia della Mano. 2014 Marzo; Vol51/N1:9-17.

2012

De Mas A et al. Il trattamento dell’edema osseo post traumatico dello scafoide con stimolazione biofisica con campi elettrici ad accoppiamento capacitivo (CCEF): case report. Riv Chir Mano 2012;49(1):62-67.

2010

Rossini M et al. Capacitively Coupled Electric Field for Pain Relief in Patients with Vertebral Fractures and Chronic Pain. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Mar;468(3):735-40. 

2008

Bisceglia B et al. A customizable spinal column CAD model. Electrical stimulation and fracture treatment simulation. 30th Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, USA. 2008 Jun;448-450.

Massari L et al. Effetto della stimolazione biofisica con sistemi capacitivi nel trattamento delle artrodesi vertebrali: studio multicentrico, prospettico, randomizzato e in doppio cieco. XXXI Congresso Nazionale di Chirurgia Vertebrale GIS. Milano 22-24 Maggio 2008.

2007

Cadossi R et al. Fattori fisici di stimolazione ossea. GIOT. 2007;33(1).

2006

Gan JC et al. Electrical stimulation therapies for spinal fusions: current concepts. Eur Spine J. 2006;15(9):1301-1311. Review

Impagliazzo A et al. Treatment of ununited fractures with capacitively coupled electric field. J Orthopaed Traumatol. 2006;7:16-22

Wang Z et al. Up-regulation of bone morphogenetic proteins in cultured murine bone cells with use of specific electric fields. J Bone Joint Surg. 2006;88(5):1053-1065.

2005

Kaynak D et al. A histopathologic investigation on the effects of electrical stimulation on periodontal tissue regeneration in experimental bony defects in dogs. J Periodontol. 2005;76(12):2194-2204.

Ciombor DM et al. The role of electrical stimulation in bone repair. Foot Ankle Clin. 2005;10(4):579-593. Review.

2004

Aaron RK et al. Stimulation of growth factor synthesis by electric and electromagnetic fields. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Feb;419:30-37. Review

Aaron RK et al. Treatment of nonunions with electric and electromagnetic fields. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004;419:21-29. Review.

2003

Nelson FR et al. Use of physical forces in bone healing. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003;11(5):344-354. Review.

2001

Brighton CT et al. Signal transduction in electrically stimulated bone cells. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001;83-A(10):1514-1523.

2000

Hartig M et al. Capacitively coupled electric fields accelerate proliferation of osteoblast-like primary cells and increase bone extracellular matrix formation in vitro. Eur Biophys J. 2000;29(7):499-506.

Oishi M et al. Electrical bone graft stimulation for spinal fusion: a review. Neurosurgery. 2000;47(5):1041-1055.

1999

Goodwin CB et al. A double-blind study of capacitively coupled electrical stimulation as an adjunct to lumbar spinal fusions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1999;1;24(13):1349-1356.

1998

Abeed RI et al. Capacitively coupled electrical stimulation treatment: results from patients with failed long bone fracture unions. J Orthop Trauma. 1998;12(7):510-513.

1997             

Zhuang H, Wang W, Seldes RM, Tahernia AD, Fan H, Brighton CT. Electrical stimulation induces the level of TGF-beta1 mRNA in osteoblastic cells by a mechanism involving calcium/calmodulin pathway. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997;18;237(2):225-9.

1995

Benazzo F et al. Use of capacitive coupled electric fields in stress fractures in athletes. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995;310:145-149.

Brighton CT et al. Tibial nonunion treated with direct current, capacitive coupling, or bone graft. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995 Dec;321:223-234.

1989

Brighton CT et al. Treatment of castration-induced osteoporosis by a capacitively coupled electrical signal in rat vertebrae. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989;71(2):228-236.

1985

Brighton CT et al. Treatment of recalcitrant non-union with a capacitively coupled electrical field. A preliminary report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985 Apr;67(4):577-585.

Brighton CT et al. Fracture healing in the rabbit fibula when subjected to various capacitively coupled electrical fields. J Orthop Res. 1985;3(3):331-340.

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