References

2019

Massari L et al. Biophysical stimulation of bone and cartilage: state of the art and future perspectives. Int Orthop. 2019 Mar;43(3):539-551.

2016

Nolte P et al. Heal rate of metatarsal fractures: A propensity-matching study of patients treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) vs. surgical and other treatments. Injury. 2016 Nov;47(11):2584-2590.

2015

Carlson EJ et al. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound treatment for scaphoid fracture nonunions in adolescents. J Wrist Surg. 2015;4(2):115-120.

2013

Fassina L et al. Ultrasound stimulus to enhance the bone regeneration capability of gelatin cryogels. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013;2013:846-849. 

2010

Schofer M et al. Improved healing response in delayed unions of the tibia with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound: results of a randomized sham-controlled trial. BMC Musculoskel Disord. 2010 Oct8;11:229.

Fassina L et al. Low-power ultrasounds as a tool to culture human osteoblasts inside cancellous hydroxyapatite. Bioinorg Chem Appl. 2010:456240

2009

Fassina L et al. Ultrasonic and electromagnetic enhancement of a culture of human SAOS-2 osteoblasts seeded onto a titanium plasma-spray surface. Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 2009 Jun;15(2):233-242. 

Romanò CL et al. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound for the treatment of bone delayed union or nonunion: a review. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2009;35(4):529-536.

Massari L et al. Pulsed electromagnetic fields and low intensity pulsed ultrasound in bone tissue. Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab. 2009 May;6(2):149-154.

2007

Jingushi S et al. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound treatment for postoperative delayed union or nonunion of long bone fractures. J Orthop Sci. 2007;12(1):35–41.

Trezza P et al. Trattamento di una frattura della diafisi femorale con bendaggio funzionale e ultrasuoni pulsati a bassa intensità: illustrazione di un particolare caso clinico. Quaderni di infezioni osteoarticolari. Elsevier Masson Srl, Milano. Supplemento a: Giornale del Medico 20-Ottobre 2007.

2006

Ricardo M. The effect of ultrasound on the healing of muscle- pediculated bone graft in scaphoid non-union. Int Orthop. 2006 Apr;30(2):123-127.

2004

Leung KS et al. Complex tibial fracture outcomes following treatment with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2004 Mar;30(3):389-395.

2001

Nolte PA et al. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in the treatment of nonunions. J Trauma Injury Infect Crit Care. 2001;51(4):693–702.

Rubin C et al. The use of low-intensity ultrasound to accelerate the healing of fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2001 Feb;83-A(2):259-270. Review.

2000

Mayr E et al. Does low intensity, pulsed ultrasound speed healing of scaphoid fractures?. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir. 2000 Mar;32(2):115-122.

1997

Kristiansen TK et al. Accelerated healing of distal radial fractures with the use of specific, low-intensity ultrasound. A multicenter, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1997 Jul;79(7):961-973.

Mayr E et al. Treatment of nonunions by means of low-intensity ultrasound. Unfallchirurg. 1997;268:958-962.

1994

Heckman JD et al. Acceleration of tibial fracture healing by non-invasive, low-intensity pulsed ultrasound. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1994 Jan;76(1):26-34.

1992

Ryaby JT et al. Low intensity pulsed ultrasound affects adenylate cyclase activity and TGF-β synthesis in osteoblastic cells. Trans Orthop Res Soc. 1992;7:590.

1953

Corradi C et al. Effect of ultrasonics on the development  of osseous callus in fractures. Arch Ortop. 1953;66:77-98.

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